; thick, gray body, large upper lip, short snout, paddle-like tail. 7 feet tall when up on two legs), weighs up to 660 lbs. Also known as Canadian Porcupine, and North American Porcupine. Whale, Blue (Balaenoptera musculus) Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 5 to 8.5 inches long (including tail); distinct multicolored tail. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 16 to 24 inches long; long, narrow, scaled tail. Rat, Norway (Rattus norvegicus) Also known as Blackfish and Pothead. Semi-aquatic. Ermine (Mustela erminea) Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. ; thick, gray body, large upper lip, short snout, paddle-like tail. Named for Georges Cuvier, who first described them. Lives in small matriarchal pod. Intelligent. Slow swimmer. The Norway Rat is an introduced species. Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 7 to 9.5 inches long (including tail). The chin, throat, chest and stomach are usually a lighter shade of brown or cream. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 60 feet long; weighs up to 50 tons; sleek gray-blue or black back with light belly is often scarred; tall, hooked dorsal fin; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Dolphin, Striped (Stenella coeruleoalba) Herd animal. Lives in pod. The Nutria is an invasive species. Lives alone or in small pod. Rabbit, Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) ; gray back, light belly, round forehead. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Please contact Wolf, My name is Wolf and I am a big scardy cat. Lives in small pod. Migratory. Gray foxes are less vocal than red foxes and will occasionally bark or yap. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4.3 to 6.7 inches long (including tail); distinct chestnut brown stripe running from head to tail. Also known as Least Rorqual Whale, Piked Whale, and Sharp-headed Finner. Burrows. B Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Burrows. Insectivore; nocturnal; chiroptera; 2.4 to 4 inches long, 8.5 to 11 inch wingspan. Maryland Executive Commissions, Committees, Task Forces, & Advisory Boards Feral horses [Assateague horses], Assateague Island National Park Seashore (Worcester County), October 2016. Migratory. Semi-aquatic. Burrows, climbs, and swims. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 35 feet long; weighs up to 10 tons; dark gray-black back with white belly; gray streak between pectoral fins; two gray-white patches around middle; lower jaw extends further than upper; baleen plates in mouth, grooves or pleats along throat; pointed snout, white stripe on flippers. 4 inches long (including tail). Lives alone or in pods. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; mustelid; 14 to 48 inches long (including tail); distinct black-tipped tail. Herbivore; crepuscular; leporidae; 14.5 to 15.5 inches long; fur turns white in winter, and brown in warmer months; black-tipped ears all year. Prefers deciduous or mixed forests with access to water; adapted to urban areas. Fast swimmer. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. Skilled climber. Sprays an odorous secretion as a defense mechanism. They have large erect ears, an elongated sharp muzzle and a long bushy tail. Dolphin, Risso's (Grampus griseus) Vole, Meadow (Microtus pennsylvanicus) Solitary hunter. Sei whale Balaenoptera borealis White-tailed Deer (right) (Odocoileus virginianus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, September 2015. Manatee, West Indian (Trichechus manatus) Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 32 feet long; weighs up to 11 tons; black back with white belly and white patches near eyes; tall dorsal fin with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind it. ; blue or gray back, blue or white belly, black stripes run from eyes and ears to flipper and around belly, black fins. Also known as Yellow-nosed Vole. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Feral horses [Assateague horses], Assateague Island National Park Seashore (Worcester County), October 2016. Once extinct on East Coast, elk were reintroduced in neighboring states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. Omnivore; nocturnal; procyonidae; 16 to 28 inches long, 9 to 12 inches tall at shoulders; distinct "bandit mask" coloring around eyes. These species include the Gray wolf, American elk, Eastern mountain lion, Snowshoe hare, American marten and Eastern harvest mouse. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 6.2 inches long (including tail). Burrows, and climbs. Bat, Little Brown (Myotis lucifugus) Also known as Dwarf Weasel, Pygmy Weasel, and Mouse Weasel. Highly intelligent. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. Lives in matriarchal pod. Skilled climber. Lives alone or in small pod. Whale, Sperm (Physeter macrocephalus) Skilled climber. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 5 to 6.7 inches long (including tail). Omnivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4 to 5 inches long (including tail). Burrows. The Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). Carnivore; phocoenidae; 4 to 6 feet long; weighs 130 to 180 lbs; gray back, flippers, dorsal and tail fins, gray sides, white belly, gray stripes along throat, triangular dorsal fin. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Prefers mixed forests. Migratory. E Carnivore; delphinidae; up to 32 feet long; weighs up to 11 tons; black back with white belly and white patches near eyes; tall dorsal fin with white or gray "saddle" or patch behind it. Skims the surface for crustaceans. Classified as Endangered. ; characteristic white underside to tail; antlers found on males. Seal, Gray (Halichoerus grypus) Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 3 to 3.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Fisher (Martes pennanti) Seal, Harbor (Phoca vitulina) Distinguished from gray seals by shorter nose, and mottled coloring. Migratory. Lives alone or in pods. Highly intelligent. Carnivore; both diurnal and nocturnal; canine; 3.5 to 5.5 feet long, 2 to 3 feet tall at shoulder. Coyote (Canis latrans) Solitary hunter. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; 4.3 to 6.7 inches long (including tail); distinct chestnut brown stripe running from head to tail. The National Park Service maintains the horses in Maryland. Annapolis (right), August 2014. Eastern Cottontail Rabbit (Sylvilagus floridanus), Glen Burnie, Maryland, June 2015 (left) & June 2019 (right). An initiative on the Colorado ballot next week seeks to reintroduce wolves there in coming years. Lives in small pod. Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Lives in small pod. Shrew, Long-tailed (Sorex dispar) Lives alone or in small pod. Photo by Sarah A. Hanks. Shrew, Southern Water (Sorex palustris punctulatus) Granivore; diurnal; rodent; 7 to 8 inches long (excluding tail); distinct white belly. Maryland Independent Agencies Also known as Sea Cow. Hibernates during winter months. Primarily nests in ground debris, or rotted logs. Males "sing" songs that change over time, though all males in a population sing the same song. Omnivore; crepuscular; rodent. Woodchuck (Marmota monax) Rabbit, Eastern Cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) Prefers deciduous forests and urban parks. Carnivore; crepuscular; canine; 18 to 35 inches long; weighs 8 to 17 lbs. Also known simply as Possum, or North American Opossum. Dolphin, Atlantic White-sided (Lagenorhynchus acutus) Classified as Endangered. Smallest mammal (by weight) in North America. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 4.3 to 5.5 inches long (including tail); venomous saliva (painful, but not lethal to humans). Lives in small pod. Herd animal. Omnivore; diurnal; rodent; 5 to 6 inches long; striped back. Maryland Constitutional Offices & Agencies Thrives in close proximity to humans. Males "sing" songs that change over time, though all males in a population sing the same song. Solitary. Prefers deciduous and mixed forests. Mole, Star-nosed (Condylura cristata) Lives in pod. Semi-aquatic. Also known as Canadian Porcupine, and North American Porcupine. Almost indistinct from Sylvilagus floridanus, but its distinct separating feature is the dark patch of fur between its ears. Eastern Fox Squirrel, Glen Burnie, Maryland, January 2011. Lives in small pod; barely visible at surface. Once extinct on East Coast, elk were reintroduced in neighboring states of Pennsylvania, Virginia, and West Virginia. See: Woodchuck. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. One of the smallest bat species in North America. Wolf, Gray (Canis lupus) Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; 2.5 to 7 inches long (including tail). 3.9 inches long (including tail). Named for Georges Cuvier, who first described them. Carnivore; crepuscular; canine; 18 to 35 inches long; weighs 8 to 17 lbs. Fisher (Martes pennanti) Also known as Swamp Rat. Carnivore; balaenopteridae; up to 85 feet long; weighs up to 80 tons; sleek, slender black or gray-brown back with white belly; right lower jaw is white while left is black; underside of tail is white with gray outline; "V"-shaped head with gray marks behind it; baleen plates in mouth, pleats along throat. Omnivore; diurnal; talpidae; approx. Prefers mixed forests of large trees. Insectivore; nocturnal; soricidae; approx. Emits brown-red ink-like substance if frightened. Subspecies of Eastern Fox Squirrel. Burrows. 6 feet tall, 10 feet long; 900 to 2,200 lbs. ; semi-aquatic; lives ten to twenty years. Prefers mixed forests. Whale, Short-finned Pilot (Globicephala macrorhynchus) Blows at surface can be up to 13 feet high. “That is not the case today.”. Herbivore; nocturnal; rodent; approx. Carnivore; diurnal; pinnipedia; up to 6.1 feet long. Males "sing" songs that change over time, though all males in a population sing the same song. Dolphin, Striped (Stenella coeruleoalba)

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