The consequences noted are the damages to the buildings, troubles in standing stable, and destruction of natural habitats in the cases of vigorous shaking. These phenomena are primarily responsible for deaths and injuries. They hope they will in the future through continued research and improved technology. To help prevent a roof from collapsing, builders make the roof out of light-weight materials. Unfortunately earthquakes occur often in countries which are unable to afford earthquake-safe construction. Although the seismology department warns against earthquakes in some areas in the future, it is unable to ascertain when exactly it will occur. The study of earthquakes is called seismology. – These are the most important effects and are the reason behind the mass destruction during earthquakes. ", "Poseidon's horses: plate tectonics and earthquake storms in the late Bronze Age Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean", USGS Poster of the Near the East Coast of Honshu, Japan Earthquake of 11 March 2011 - Magnitude 8.9, USGS – Largest earthquakes in the world since 1900,, Pages needing to be simplified from November 2019, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License. The most important earthquake belt is the Circum-Pacific Belt, which affects many populated coastal regions around the Pacific Ocean—for example, those of New Zealand, New Guinea, Japan, the Aleutian Islands, Alaska, and the western coasts of North and South America. When the groundwater breaks through the surface in the form of pressurized jets, it gives rise to sand blows and volcanoes. Earthquakes cause severe damage to buildings, homes, and other properties. Privacy Policy3. These sprays put the buildings, railway tracks, roads in great grave danger. The design of the buildings should be earthquake resistant. People start getting scared due to the earthquake. (See the table of major earthquakes.). It sometimes shows a soft and pleasant form, sometimes it takes such a harsh form that a man becomes constrained and helpless in front of it. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Article Shared By. 1. The movement of the plates is in different forms. – When there occurs a sustainable shaking and direct rupturing of less stable slopes, it gives rise to the phenomenon of landslides. The magma eruption from the earth leaves a space behind. The sudden release of tension in the tectonic plates sends waves of energy that travel through the Earth. It is estimated that 80 percent of the energy presently released in earthquakes comes from those whose epicentres are in this belt. Earthquake waves, more commonly known as seismic waves, are vibrations generated by an earthquake and propagated within Earth or along its surface. The speed of the Tsunami has been measured for more than 700 km/hr. About 50,000 earthquakes large enough to be noticed without the aid of instruments occur annually over the entire Earth. Though seismologists around the world are trying to find new methods of predicting earthquakes, they have met with limited success. An earthquake is a disastrous event, which is generally faced by every country around the world. From this point, the waves move outward decreasing in strength as they move away. From the pressure, the edges of the plate are always stuck, but the rest are in the same momentum. These waves can be ranged from weak to strong. An earthquake should not worry, but the necessary precautions should be taken. When the soil recomposes, subsidence follows. Besides, it can be a threat to significant habitats and lives. Nature comes in many forms. In India, the occurrence of earthquakes in areas of Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Punjab, Delhi, Haryana, and Maharasntra north-eastern states are common. Crowds watching the fires set off by the earthquake in San Francisco in 1906, photo by Arnold Genthe. Liquefaction, Subsidence, and Related Effects. These sprays put the buildings, railway tracks, roads in great grave danger. From Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia, Wikipedia:How to write Simple English pages, "What are aftershocks, foreshocks, and earthquake clusters? Run in the open area, if possible. A huge tremor occurs when these plates slide over one another. Earthquakes occur suddenly, usually without any warning or signal, and can cause massive destruction. As the saying goes, little knowledge is dangerous so lame predictions about earthquakes do more harm to people than good. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections?

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